Let’s suppose that you have just acquired your favorite puppy. you drive him home, you take him indoor and set him down. He is only eight to twelve weeks old, remember, and it’s quite understandable if he is completely bewildered by all these new sight and faces in your new home. Then there is abundant questions hit in the back of your mind. What to feed the puppy? Where to keep the puppy ( indoor, in crates , outdoor or in bed/sofa) How to rake the puppy’s health in consideration? How to toilet train? How long you have to play daily with him/her? How much sleep is needed? What are do’s and don’t for your puppy? How to give bath and groom? How to make his hyper active behavior(which most puppies shows) manageable?
These are the few things you are curious to know. Before you bring the puppy home, it is important that your home and your other family member(including other dogs and puppies if any) should be ready. you should puppy proof your home. So that your puppy and your belonging will be safe. Get rid of potentially dangerous object like medicine, recharge wire, battery ,plastic cap of bottle which your puppy might able to get and this cause unnecessary burden for you. Bring your puppy to vet The first thing you should do is to bring your puppy to the vet as soon as possible for the examination .As if the puppy is sick even slightest or any health/physical problem, he can’t adjust in your new home environment. Beside this your vet will give some valuable advice and instruction which can be helpful for you to raise the puppy.
Make your house puppy proof
It is very important to make the living place for your loving buddy a puppy proof. Puppy-proofing is just like baby-proofing your home before your child becomes mobile. Like a young child, everything a puppy can get into its mouth will be licked or chewed. You’ll want to put away anything that is dangerous for the puppy to eat, such as cleaners and cleaning supplies. If possible, hang electrical cords out of the reach of your puppy. pick up shoes and clothing that you don’t want the puppy to destroy. We keep our shoes on a free-standing shelf by the door. For a while, you may even need to put away valuable or sentimental items you normally keep on display if they are within your puppy’s reach. Beside this you must keep the medicine or other potential dangerous item out of reach of puppy. You have to be vigilant on every activity of your puppy. Give your pet strong command like NO NO when he try to do some of these act. Instead provide him raw chew bone or hide or some safe toy to play.
House train your puppy
House train a puppy means train him to excrete outside the house or only in a special place. As a general rule of thumb, a puppy can ‘hold on’ his urine for roughly 1 hour for each month of their age. For example, a three-month-old needs to urinate every 3 hours so you have take him out every 3 hour roughly. So need to have enough time and commitment for potty training your dog. Generally puppy do potty after the meal. Beside you also need to follow the schedule for it as it may take 4-6 month to fully train your puppy. Crate train your puppy • Its much easier house train and supervise a crate trained puppy. He will consider crate as his own bedroom if you can make the pet crate experience a positive one. You should not let him out if he is still whining or scratching at the door of the cage. This will show him that this behavior will get him out of the cage. His crate, also known as a kennel, should be large enough that he can stand up, turn around, and comfortably lay down in. It should also have plenty of room to fit him as he grows.
 Make sure your puppy get plenty of rest and quiet time
Your puppy need lot of rest and quiet time whether in crate or in other safe enclosed area. Like babies puppies require a lot of sleep. In addition, your new puppy need to learn to be alone and not to expect constant attention from human family member.
Feeding and nutrition
Special care is needed to feed your puppy properly and you should consult your vet or breeder from where you acquire your puppy on this subject. Do not change the diet of puppy abruptly as it may cause some stomach upset so change must be gradual over a week. Generally pups need to be feed 4 times a day and plenty of fresh water all day long.
Vaccination and deworming
Your puppy need initial vaccination starting at the age of 6 week for distemper Parvo corona and rabies to name a few. These are the core vaccine which is mandatory for the puppy’s health. Similarly a regular deworming schedule must be followed with the vet’s advice.
Socialize and train your puppy
In order to create a balanced well behaved adult dog, puppy owner must be extremely conscientious about socialization and training .just like a future of a human kid depends upon the quality of schooling and education he gets during his childhood, the temperament and behavior of your dog depends entirely upon the way you up bring and train him in his early life.
Written by Dr Pratik Man Pradhan B.V.Sc &A.H
Chief Veterinarian (Mount Everest Kennel Club)